Oriental rugs are making a comeback after decades of cheap, simple carpets ruling in most homes. Aside from the lovely feel of stepping on an oriental rug, there are several other advantages to opting for this type of rug: its extended lifespan, the good resale value, absorbing sound, ensuring cushion if you fall, and organizing space in a room. Contrary to what you might think, you will not need an oriental rug cleaner too often because the excellent quality of these rugs and their high density prevent dirt from permeating the rug deeply.
Are you considering an oriental rug as a new addition to your home? There are some interesting things you should know about the origin of these luxurious and comfortable carpets.
What Is an Oriental Rug?
Not any fluffy rug is an oriental rug. A professional rug cleaner in NYC can immediately tell an oriental rug from a copy or any other area rug by checking the following characteristics:
- Is hand-woven and hand-knotted;
- Is made from natural fibers such as fine quality sheep wool;
- Is made in central or Southern Asia;
- It gets better with time, as colors mature and age finely, ensuring a mellowed look that oriental rug collectors prize.
While many rugs are called oriental rugs, they actually are not, and your average rug cleaner will have the opportunity to clean one rather infrequently.
What Countries Make Oriental Rugs?
One of the criteria for identifying an oriental rug is the country of origin. There are several countries that manufacture oriental rugs, most of them being a part of what is called “The Rug Belt”, an area stretching from Morocco across North Africa, the Middle East, and into Central Asia and northern India.
Here are the main regions where oriental rugs are being made.
Persian rugs come from Iran but are scarcer and scarcer due to the growth of mass production and the low number of experienced knotters. These carpets are considered the finest oriental rugs and industrially knotted carpets never reach their level of quality. Iran, formerly Persia, has the longest oriental rug tradition in the world. Carpets are produced in the well-known regions of Nain, Isfahan, Tabriz, Moud, Kerman, Kashan, and Bidjar.
Oriental rugs from Afghanistan originate from areas such as Kabul, Herat, and Kandahar and have a known density of 150,000-250,000 knots per square meter. They can be easily recognized by their dark red, octagonal patterns.
Pakistani carpets are, interestingly, made with wool coming from Australia, which gives them a specific luster. They are even denser than carpets from Afghanistan, at a knot density of 160,000-360,000 knots per square meter, and are cheaper than Persian rugs. Regions, where Pakistani carpets are made, include Lahore, Karachi, and Islamabad.
Eastern border area of Iran (Balochis)
Although made in Iran, carpets created by the nomadic people called Balochis are different. These rugs have a smaller size and rich patterns. They were originally made from sheep and goat wool and more recently have been added cotton.
These carpets include products made in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan and developed by the Turkmen ethnic group (Bashir, Tekke, and Yomut carpets). Like the previous type of carpets made by nomadic people, Turkoman carpets are also plain and simple, with red being the predominant color.
The Caucasus area (Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan)
An experienced rug clean service will recognize carpets from the Caucasus area by their strong colors and straight patterns. Antique rugs from this area are more appreciated, but modern ones are catching up, too.
Indian rugs are very diverse in terms of pattern and density and are often inspired by Persian rugs. In fact, rug weavers from Persia were brought to India where they produced the first Indian carpets. Today’s hand-knotted Indian rugs are usually inferior to Iran carpets, but more affordable. Cashmere carpets are enjoying growing popularity.
The patterns of Chinese oriental rugs are unique and unmistakable due to patterns inspired by porcelain paintings, such as dragons. Nowadays, Chinese carpets are produced in Beijing and Tianjin and are made from industrially produced wool.
How Can You Tell Where an Oriental Rug Was Made?
Oriental rugs are a form of art and the traditional skills of carpet weaving from certain regions have even been inscribed on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists. So, you will also need to be an expert or have lots of experience as an upholstery cleaning service to determine the place of origin of an oriental rug. Aspects to consider include fibers used, patterns, density, size, colors, etc.
How Can You Tell a Genuine Oriental Rug?
An experienced area rug cleaning NYC service can inform you both on the origin and authenticity of an oriental rug. However, using a short guide you too can identify a real oriental rug within minutes:
- The rug should be unique and not available in different sizes and quantities;
- Hand-knotted carpets have small imperfections and asymmetries;
- A genuine carpet has no sewn-on fringes;
- The rows of knots on the reverse side are irregular and with small defects;
- No synthetic fibers on the reverse side of the carpet;
- The carpet should be very thin and flat (3-6 mm thick);
- The knot density is high.
Looking for a rug cleaner in Brooklyn to take good care of your oriental carpets, using special rug shampoo for natural fibers? PristineGreen Carpet and upholstery cleaning can assist with a variety of services, including area rugs cleaning and pet stains and odor cleaning. We are 100% reliable and open 7 days, 9 am-9 pm.